History of Barbados - History

History of Barbados - History


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Barbados in many respects was England's first experimental tropical agricultural export colony, and was successful for a number of related reasons. Contemporary opinion in the late seventeenth century acclaimed it the 'richest spote of ground in the worlde.' Private English capital, with the Crown's blessing, financed settlement in 1627. Market conditions for its first commercial crop, tobacco, enabled the accumulation of quick profits, which were later utilised to finance the shift to sugar production in the 1650s, after large scale, high quality Virginian tobacco production caused a glut on the European market and prices plummeted.

In the first decade, when settlement was tenuous, the first Barbadian settlers encountered no opposition from Spanish or French rivals, nor was there a native Amerindian presence to overcome. In fact, the opposite occurred. Amerindians were brought from Guiana in order to instruct the early settlers in survival skills, such as knowledge of local foods and preparation methods, and the most effective ways of clearing dense tropical forest. The Dutch were also helpful in nurturing the young colony. A locally elected legislature or House of Assembly was formed in 1639, which along with a nominated advisory Council and the Crown's representative, the Governor of the island, ruled the island in tandem with the state sanctioned religion, the Anglican Church.

. profound demographic and economic changes created a whole new society.

Just as the attempts at alternate crops such as indigo and ginger seemed doomed to failure, international affairs conspired to create an economic opening which guaranteed the survival and prosperity of Barbados. The Dutch in north-east Brazil and their allied community of Sephardic Jews were expelled from Recife and Bahia. Barbadian planters such as the Draxes, made contact with individuals fleeing Brazil, and a most successful transference of the sugar industry took place. The climate and soil conditions in Barbados were perfect for the growing of this sweet grass

In a short space of twenty years, the economic phenomenon known as the Sugar Revolution transformed the face of Barbados forever. Tropical luxuriance gave way to a carefully controlled garden-like appearance of the entire island, as almost complete deforestation occurred. Not only was nature subjected to man's tight control, but profound demographic and economic changes created a whole new society.


B arbados has an extraordinary history – settled by the English in 1627, enduring a mini civil war between rival English settlers in 1628 and in the aftermath of the English Civil War, when Cromwell sent seven ships to bring Royalist Barbadians to heel. A truce resulted in the Charter of Oistins in January 1652, guaranteeing Barbados (and its Parliamentarians) certain rights such as no taxation without representation. It is believed that this Barbadian “Magna Carta” influenced the US’s Declaration of Independence a century later.

The early settlers were English yeoman farmers. The very first ship, the William and John, arrived on 17 February 1627, carrying 80 Englishmen and 10 Africans captured en route. They landed at what is now the historic little town of Holetown – a popular tourist centre – and set to work clearing the land and planting cotton, indigo and tobacco.

By the 1640s the introduction of the sugar industry from Brazil led to the importation of many Africans as slaves. Thousands of Irishmen defeated by Cromwell in 1652 and thousands of Scots following Bonnie Prince Charlie’s Rebellion a century later were “Barbadosed” to work as indentured servants alongside the slaves from West Africa.

The first Parliament dates from 1639 and is the third oldest in the British Commonwealth. Within 30 years, Barbados was described as “the richest spotte on Earth” because of the wealth earned from sugar, making some plantation owners very rich.

A by-product of the sugar industry was rum. Many plantations distilled their own. In those days it was known as “kill-devil” and while Barbadians claim the credit for inventing it, today’s superb rums are a far cry from the kill-devils of the past. Best-known is Mount Gay Rum, but Cockspur, Foursquare Distillery’s several rums and the newest sugar syrup-based rum from St Nicholas Abbey (a 1658 Jacobean mansion) are all award-winners.

Barbados is unique in many ways. It’s a colony that founded other colonies: Willoughbyland in South America (now Suriname) and Carolina in North America, now North and South Carolina. What I’ve called the BarbadosCarolina Odyssey – three ships coming out of England via Barbados and joined by leading Barbadians, slaves and servants – settled Charleston in 1670, and its first governors, the dialect, the way of life, names of places and even architectural forms were all transplanted from Barbados.

Barbados is virtually the only island in the Caribbean that never changed hands, so everyone speaks English with a bit of an Irish brogue. The culture is a mixture of English, Scottish, Irish and African. This is most obvious in the traditional music of the tuk band – a mixture of Scottish fife and African drum – and the caustic, humorous and licentious songs to be found in folk and calypso.

Food is another important product of creolisation – the fusion of British and African. Good examples are cou-cou, a staple dish of cornmeal and okra, and conkies, a sumptuous concoction of cornmeal, coconut, pumpkin, sweet potato, sugar, spices and raisins, steamed in a wrapping of banana leaves and washed down with coconut water – with or without rum.

Barbadian rums regularly win gold medals at world rum festivals, and food and drink are a big part of local festivals. Crop Over is the traditional celebration of the sugar harvest at the end of July, and Oistins Fish Festival and the Holetown (historical) Festival are also lively celebrations.

Barbados’s rich heritage is elegantly expressed in its historical buildings. Sugar wealth coincided with the era of Georgian architecture, while its critical role in the wars between Britain and France led to the creation of the Barbados Garrison between 1780 and 1810. There are nearly 100 structures on a site of 141 acres, including many beautiful arcaded barracks built of brick, and an impressive St Ann’s Fort and Charles Fort at the opposite end of Carlisle Bay to Bridgetown.

The central historic core of the city – Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison – is a Unesco World Heritage site, only the fourth in the eastern Caribbean. And the ruggedly beautiful Scotland District is another tentative World Heritage nomination.

A highlight of the island’s cultural life is horse racing at the Garrison Savannah, a racetrack some 150 years old. The annual Sandy Lane Gold Cup in early March is the biggest sporting event in the region.

It almost outshines cricket, still played at Bridgetown’s Kensington Oval, home ground of the great Sir Garfield Sobers and a favourite venue for English cricket fans. It’s a place where history is played out in brilliant sunshine with the battles between the English and West Indian teams.

Barbados is also famous for its chattel houses – cheap, efficient and creative solutions to the housing problems of the 19th century, often proudly preserved or adapted as bars or business places. It is also famous for its splendid plantation houses, neo-Gothic churches, giant coral stone windmills and William Gordon’s prefabricated steel lighthouse, transported to the island after being exhibited at the Crystal Palace in London in 1851.

The Barbados National Trust protects the island’s heritage, and has restored and opened to the public the Morgan Lewis Windmill, Gun Hill Signal Station, Arlington House Museum, Sugar Museum, Tyrol Cot House Museum and the Heritage Village. The restored Jewish Synagogue is vested in the Trust, and it also looks after the Andromeda Botanical Gardens and the Welchman Hall Gully and Tropical Reserve.

There are other historic sites of interest and a wealth of art galleries, as there has been an explosion of creativity since Independence in 1966 – not only in music with the famous Merrymen and now the beautiful singing star Rihanna, but in fine art, ceramics, sculpture and photography.

But perhaps the finest feature of Barbados is its tradition of civility, courtesy and friendliness – it thrives on the wealth of “come-back visitors” who, having once tasted the warmth and the weather, the beauty and the beaches and the friendly welcome, just keep coming back to “the historic island paradise with everything”.

Sir Henry Fraser is Professor Emeritus of the University of the West Indies and a prolific writer on the heritage and architecture of Barbados.


A Timeline of The Barbados Hurricane History

Here is a list of the hurricanes that have come near to or hit Barbados in the past:

• Hurricane San Calixto II of 1780

Hurricane San Calixto still to this date the deadliest hurricane Barbados has ever experienced killing 4500 people. This hurricane formed in early October of 1780 reaching Barbados on October 9th.


• The Great Barbados Hurricane of 1831

Reaching a Category 4, this hurricane was the second most deadly hurricane in Barbados weather history and is remembered by the devastation caused by its 17 foot storm surge. This hurricane struck the island on August 10th of 1831 killing 1500 people.

• The Windwards Islands Hurricane of 1898

This was one of the most destructive hurricanes in the history of Caribbean weather causing the most damage to the islands of Barbados and St.Vincent.

This hurricane developed in early August of 1898 reaching a Category 2 hurricane and hitting Barbados the night of Saturday, September 10th 1898.

The hurricane killed more than 80 people and left thousands homeless.

Photo: The Hurricane Track of The Windwards Islands Hurricane

When Hurricane Janet hit Barbados on September 22nd of 1955 it was a Category 3 hurricane.

This hurricane had wind speeds up to 120 mph killing 38 people.


Photo: The Hurricane Track of Hurricane Janet


It has now been 52 years since Barbados has been directly struck by a Hurricane.

But if you are still worried about it raining during your vacation in Barbados, then just travel here during the months of January to April when the island receives under 2 inches of rain!


Social Stratification

Classes and Castes. Before 1960, Barbadian society consisted of a small merchant-planter elite largely of European ancestry a slightly larger class of accountants, lawyers, medical personnel, journalists, and teachers of diverse ancestry and a huge lower class of field laborers and domestic servants primarily of African ancestry. The elite remains about the same size but has grown much more diverse in heritage. The lower class has all but disappeared. In its place, there is now a huge middle class that encompasses everything from skilled blue-collar workers employed in manufacturing firms and hotels to a wide range of white-collar, professional, and managerial occupational groups employed directly or indirectly in the manufacturing and tourist sectors.


Agriculture and Progress

These early English settlers in Barbados recommenced the arduous task, started by the Arawak’s many centuries before, of clearing the land to make way for agriculture on a grand scale. Sugarcane was the agriculture crop of choice and by the year 1661, some expansive sugar plantations had been established across the island. The need for manpower to clear, cultivate and harvest sugarcane, started a grim chapter in Barbados History that reflects what was happening across so many of the other island nations in the Caribbean. Slavery.

I will digress slightly at this point. A lesser-known fact is that a small group of Barbadians set sail to establish colonies elsewhere in the Americas. Where did people from Barbados settle? Well, the Carolinas for a start. With their knowledge of establishing plantations on Barbados, these early continental American settlers, set about planting indigo and rice and after a series of trial and error, they eventually planted tobacco that would establish this part of the world as one of the biggest tobacco producers.


Index

Geography

An island in the Atlantic about 300 mi (483 km) north of Venezuela, Barbados is only 21 mi long (34 km) and 14 mi across (23 km) at its widest point. It is circled by fine beaches and narrow coastal plains. The highest point is Mount Hillaby (1,105 ft 337 m) in the north-central area.

Government
History

Barbados is thought to have been originally inhabited by Arawak Indians. By the time Europeans explored the island, however, it was uninhabited. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to set foot on the island, but it was the British who first established a colony there in 1627. Colonists first cultivated tobacco and cotton, but by the 1640s they had switched to sugar, which was enormously profitable. Slaves were brought in from Africa to work sugar plantations, and eventually the population was about 90% black. A slave revolt took place in 1816 slavery was abolished in the British Empire in 1834.

Barbados was the administrative headquarters of the Windward Islands until it became a separate colony in 1885. Barbados was a member of the Federation of the West Indies from 1958 to 1962. Britain granted the colony independence on Nov. 30, 1966, and it became a parliamentary democracy within the Commonwealth.

Since independence, Barbados has been politically stable. In May 2003, Prime Minister Arthur won a third term. In parliamentary elections in January 2008, the Democratic Labour Party won 20 out of 30 seats. Former junior finance minister David Thompson took over as prime minister.

Barbados Remains Politically Stable Despite Challenges from Third Parties

On October 23, 2010, Prime Minister David Thompson died of pancreatic cancer. Thompson was succeeded by his Deputy Prime Minister Freundel Stuart.

Since the country's independence, multiple third parties have formed. The National Democratic Party, the People's Democratic Congress, and the People's Pressure Movement all formed since the 1970s as third party options. They have contested various elections over the years. In addition, several independent candidates have contested past elections, but no independent has won a seat in Parliament.

On June 1, 2012, Sir Elliott Belgrave assumed office as the Governor General of Barbados. Following the retirement of Clifford Husbands, Belgrave was Acting Governor-General from November 1, 2011 until June 1, 2012. Previously, Belgrave served as Judge for the Supreme Court and Court of Appeal of Barbados.


Barbados Plantation History

CHRIST CHURCH
ADAMS CASTLE aka WALRONDS, CHRIST CHURCH
1679 DAME FRANCES HACKETT
1680 THOMAS WALROND &ndash 380 acres
1715 JAMES ELLIOTT
1750 THOMAS MAXWELL ADAMS
BALLS, CHRIST CHURCH
1671 RICHARD WILLIAMS
1721 GUY BALL
1785 THOMAS BURTON
1816 JACOB GOODRIDGE
1817 RENN HAMPDEN &ndash 352 acres
BANNATYNE, CHRIST CHURCH
1674 TICKLE HAYES.
1734 THOMASINE BANNATYNE HAYES
1744 CONRADE ADAMS
1843 ROBERT REECE
BENTLEY, CHRIST CHURCH , ST. PHILIP, AND ST. GEORGE
1654 ROBERT HOOPER TO MARTIN BENTLEY.- 100 acres
1721 JOHN BENTLEY
1738 WILLIAM DUKE
1742 HENRY PEERS
1772 FRANCIS FORD
BURKES, CHRIST CHURCH
1839 ROBERT COOPER ASHBY
CALLENDERS, aka BOWCHERS, CHRIST CHURCH
1766 RICHARD CALLENDER
1796 GUNNING BEST TO ELIZABETH CHRISTIANA BEST CADOGAN
CANEVALE, CHRIST CHURCH
1940s BARBADOS COOPERATIVE BANK LTD.
CHANCERY LANE aka COUCHES aka YARDS, CHRIST CHURCH
1805 b.b.Thomas Best, William Gale, Mary Spence and Stephen Chase &ndash 351 acres
1805 WILLIAM YARD
1817 RENN HAMPDEN
COVERLEY, CHRIST CHURCH
1817 ABEL ROUS DOTTIN
1852 ABEL ROUS DOTTIN &ndash 319 acres
DARLINGTON, CHRIST CHURCH
1847 b.b. Oldbury, Loamfield and Spencers
1847 GEORGE DONOVAN &ndash 142 acres
DURANTS, CHRIST CHURCH
1777 NATHAN DURANT
1790 PHILIP LOVELL &ndash 134 acres
1817 PHILIP LOVELL &ndash 139 acres
1847 PHILIP LOVELL PHILLIPS &ndash 191 acres
EDGECOMBE, CHRIST CHURCH
1847 THOMAS A.R. COX
EGERTON, CHRIST CHURCH & ST. GEORGE
1713 CHARLES EGERTON, 91 acres
1740 JOSEPH THORPE - 115 acres..
1780 MILES BRATHWAITE.
1787 MILES BRATHWAITE - 172 acres.
FAIRVIEW - CHRIST CHURCH
1846 EDWARD WHITEHALL - 116 acres
FAIRY VALLEY, CHRIST CHURCH
b.b. Col. John Frere
1703 ELIZABETH SEAWELL
1715 MICHAEL TERRILL,.
1798 JOHN BEST TO JOHN PARRY BEST
1825 THOMAS BEST
1847 THOMAS BEST decd. &ndash 438 acres
FRERE PILGRIM aka PILGRIM PLACE, CHRIST CHURCH
1680 TOBIAS FRERE &ndash 395 acres
1752 JOHN PILGRIM
1796 EDWARD LASCELLES
1803 WILLIAM SEALY
1817 JOSHUA GITTENS
1847 JOHN RYCROFT BEST &ndash 226 acres
1867 JOHN FITZJOHN BEST
GIBBONS, CHRIST CHURCH
1680 JOAN BISHOP &ndash 202 acres
1829 WILLIAM REECE
GRAEME HALL, CHRIST CHURCH
1828 JACOB BELGRAVE
GREYS, CHRIST CHURCH
HANNAYS, CHRIST CHURCH
1817 ROWLAND BLACKMAN
HANSON, CHRIST CHURCH & ST. PHILIP
1823 MARGARET ANN SIMPSON
1826 JOHN SIMMONS
HOPE, CHRIST CHURCH
1726 b.b Kingsland Plantation
1715 JOHN WHETSTONE
1726 CONRADE ADAMS &ndash 200 acres
1815 JOHN ALLEN OLTON
1829 ROBERT REECE
1847 ROBERT INCE &ndash 164 acres
KINGSLAND, CHRIST CHURCH
1723 b.b. Thomas Maxwell, Conrade Adams & Richard Callender
1685 NATHANIEL KINGSLAND
1723 NATHANIEL KINGSLAND TO THOMAS APPLEWHAITE
1744 THOMAS APPLEWHAITE TO
SUSANNA APPLEWHAITE FRERE
LOWER GREYS aka FERTILE HALL, CHRIST CHURCH
1680 RICHARD GRAY &ndash 150 acres
1765 BENJAMIN JONES
1817 THOMAS ATKINSON JONES
LOWLANDS, CHRIST CHURCH
1680 JOHN ADAMS - 192 acres
LOWTHERS, CHRIST CHURCH
1680 EDMOND LEWIS - 214 acres
MAXWELL, CHRIST CHURCH
1680 THOMAS MAXWELL
1694 THOMAS MAXWELL, Jr. &ndash 170 acres
1803 ELIZABETH BEST BECKLES
TO THOMAS BEST AND JOHN PARRY BEST HALF SHARES EACH
1816 JOHN SPOONER
1950s BARBADOS COOPERATIVE BANK TO SUNDRY PURCHASERS
MAYNARDS, CHRIST CHURCH
1674 GEORGE OKER. CAREW
1791 PHILIP LOVELL, Snr.
1816 JOHN WALTON.
1817 WILLIAM C. MOORE
NEW CASTLE, CHRIST CHURCH
1798 JOHN BEST TO THOMAS BEST
1816 THOMAS BEST
NEWTON, CHRIST CHURCH
1680 SAMUEL NEWTON. &ndash 581 acres
1790 JOHN & THOMAS LANE
1817 JOHN LANE
PILGRIM, CHRIST CHURCH
1752 JOHN PILGRIM
1829 WILLIAM REECE
PROVIDENCE, CHRIST CHURCH
1737 THOMAS CAREW TO HENRY PEERS
1764 AMBROSE NILES - 145 acres
1777 VALENTINE JONES - 167 acres
1787 THOMAS ALLEN - 167 acres
RENDEZVOUS, CHRIST CHURCH
1661 JOHN PEERS &ndash 600 acres
1724 CONRAD ADAMS & JOHN SHURLAND &ndash 546 acres
1766 BARBARA SHURLAND HUSBANDS
1796 PHILLIPA HARBIN HOLDER
RIDGE, CHRIST CHURCH
1721 JOHN HOOPER
1757 WILLIAM TROTMAN
1817 FRANCIS FORD
1867 JOHN BEST
ROCKLEY, CHRIST CHURCH
1721 JOSEPH BROWNE
1776 THOMAS WHITTAKER
RYCROFTS, CHRIST CHURCH
1722 RICHARD RYCROFT
1762 HENRIETTA JONES TO THOMAS RYCROFT - 178 acres
1802 THOMAS RYCROFT TO JOHN RYCROFT BEST
1821 JOHN RYCROFT BEST &ndash 224 acres
1867 THOMAS BRIGGS
SAERS, CHRIST CHURCH
1772 THOMAS BEST TO JOHN BEST
1798 JOHN BEST PART OF RESIDUE TO THOMAS BEST
SEARLES AND DAYRELLS, CHRIST CHURCH
1666 DANIEL SEARLE
1680 JOHN SEARLE &ndash 365 acres
1683 TOBIAS FRERE - 400 acres
1814 WILLIAM HINDS PRESCOD.
1847 WILLIAM HINDS PRESCOD &ndash 686 acres
SEAWELL, CHRIST CHURCH
1674 RICHARD SEAWELL
1817 JOHN LANE
SMALL RIDGE,aka SOUTH RIDGE aka MALLONEYS, CHRIST CHURCH
b.b. John Sullivan, Hon. John Rycroft Best, Sir Francis Ford
1812 JOHN & RENN HAMPDEN &ndash 125 acres
1817 RENN HAMPDEN
1825 JOHN HAMPDEN - 130 acres
SPENCERS, CHRIST CHURCH
1767 MAYNARD MILLER
STAPLE GROVE, CHRIST CHURCH
1661 RICHARD PEERS TO EDWARD PEERS
1723 JOHN PEERS
1724 CONRADE ADAMS & JOHN SHURLAND - 378 acres
1781 JOSEPH & MARY ELIZABETH ADAMS MAYERS
1820 JOHN POLLARD MAYERS

WALKERS, CHRIST CHURCH
1817 EDWARD A. APPLEWHAITE
WARNERS, CHRIST CHURCH
1680 BENJAMIN SCOTT- 108 acres
1720 EDWARD & ELIZABETH SCOTT WARNER
WILCOX, CHRIST CHURCH
1721 NICHOLAS WILCOX
1817 JONATHAN TROTMAN
1847 WILLIAM JAMES REECE
1852 JOHN RYCROFT BEST
YARDS, CHRIST CHURCH
1813 MARY BEST LYNCH
YORKSHIRE aka UPPER GREYS, CHRIST CHURCH
1769 THOMAS BOSTOCK
1785 BENJAMIN BOSTOCK
1811 WILLIAM DRAYTON
1840 BEZSIN KING REECE

ST. GEORGE
ANDREWS & THE RUSSIA, ST. GEORGE, ST. JOSEPH & ST. THOMAS
1680 JONATHAN ANDREWS & THOMAS WARDALL &ndash 140 acres
1739 EDWARD PARRIS
1780 ANTHONY BARKER
1825 THOMAS DRAKE BARKER
APPLEWHAITES, ST. GEORGE
1644 THOMAS ELLICE TO THOMAS APPLEWHAITE - 127 acres
1678 HENRY APPLEWHAITE.
1705 THOMAS APPLEWHAITE
1749 HENRY FRERE.
1817 JONATHAN COBHAM
ASHBURY aka HORNES, ST. GEORGE
1679 SAMUEL & ELIZABETH HORNE HUSBANDS
1820 JOHN HENRY NURSE AND JOSHUA BUSHELL NURSE
BOARDED HALL, ST. GEORGE
1676 THOMAS ODIARNE TO PAUL LYTE - 216 acres.
1767 SUSANNAH BLACKMAN LYTE
1837 GEORGE BLACKMAN
BRIGHTON, ST. GEORGE
1810 THOMAS BEST &ndash LEASE TO PILES
1848 EYARE PILE TO CONRAD PILE
1864 CONRAD PILE TO GEORGE CLARKE PILE
1865 ROBERT GORDON TO GEORGE CLARKE PILE
BULKELEY, ST. GEORGE
1826 THOMAS CLARKE TROTMAN
CARMICHAEL, ST. GEORGE
1826 THOMAS CLARKE TROTMAN
1856 CHARLES THOMAS ALLEYNE
CHAPPELL, ST. GEORGE
1817 GEORGE CARRINGTON
CONSTANT, ST. GEORGE
1661 CONSTANT SILVESTER
1720 RICHARD WORSHAM
1829 JOHN PRETTYJOHN
COTTAGE, ST. GEORGE
1817 THOMAS YARD
DRAX HALL, ST. GEORGE
1695 HENRY DRAX
EDGECOMBE aka COXS, ST. GEORGE, ST. PHILIP AND CHRIST CHURCH
1725 HOWS, GEORGE.- 78 acres.
1817 CHRISTOPHER BARROW
1847 THOMAS A.R. COX
1897 EDWARD BRATHWAITE SKEETE
ELLESMERE, ST. GEORGE &ndash
1847 LYNCH THOMAS &ndash 120 acres
FAIRVIEW aka MARTIN&rsquoS CASTLE, ST. GEORGE
1674 WILLIAM MARTIN TO TIMOTHY MASCOLL - 200 acres
1704 HENRY PEERS - 205 acres
1820 JOSEPH MOSELEY PIGGOTT
1829 EDWARD PARRIS.
THE FARM,- ST. GEORGE
1721 JOHN HALL
1817 SAMUEL MCCLURE
GOLDEN RIDGE aka BUTCHERS, ST. GEORGE
1826 WILLIAM THOMAS COX TO
ROBERT FRANCIS. KING &ndash 199 acres
GREYS, ST. GEORGE
1817 THOMAS ATKINSON JONES
GROVES, ST. GEORGE
1792 BENJAMIN ALLEYNE COX
1817 THOMAS YARD
HALTON, ST. GEORGE
1817 FORSTER CLARKE
HANSON, ST. GEORGE
1817 FORSTER CLARKE
1823 MARGARET ANN SIMPSON
LOCUST HALL, ST. GEORGE
1663 RICHARD HOLDIPP &ndash 400 acres
1694 AVERINA HOLDIP TO ANNA MARIA BANNATYNE
1725 GELASIUS MCMAHON
1769 HENRY THORNHILL
1820 DAVID HALL
1843 WILLIAM ALLEYNE CULPEPPER
MAXWELLS, ST. GEORGE
1817 THOMAS ATKINSON JONES
MOONSHINE HALL, ST. GEORGE
Bounding Locust Hall
1635 GEORGE BOWYER TO WILLIAM BYAM &ndash 100 acres
1730 JOHN FRERE.
1825 THOMAS BEST &ndash 168 acres
1828 THOMAS BEST
THE MOUNT aka MIDDLETON&rsquoS MOUNT, ST. GEORGE
1647 JAMES & WILLIAM DRAX &ndash 220 acres
1674 THOMAS MIDDLETON.
1796 EDWIN LASCELLES
NEILS, ST. GEORGE AND ST. MICHAEL
1661 EDWARD CROFTS.
1740 JOHN NEEL.
1817 WILLIAM BRYANT WORRELL
1840 JOHN CASTELLO MONTEFIORE
1879 JAMES BROWNE MAPP
REDLAND, ST. GEORGE
1675 b.b.on E.John Vaughan on S. Jacob Lucie & Francis Smith, on W Thomas Wardall, S. Col John Horne
1683 b.b. Francis Smith, Jacob Lucie and Mrs. Ann Maxwell
1674 JOHN & MARTHA TOPPIN
1675 JOHN TOPPIN TO EDWARD THORNBURGH &ndash 100 acres
RETREAT, ST. GEORGE
1792 BENJAMIN ALLEYNE COX TO
THOMAS AND EDWARD JAMES YARD
ROSE HILL, ST. GEORGE AND ST. JOSEPH
1776 THOMAS WATERMAN
1820 RICHARD CHOLMLEY BRERETON &ndash 66 acres
ROWANS, ST. GEORGE
1680 GEORGE KEYZAR - 104 acres
1695 WILLIAM HUNTE
1780 JOHN ROWAN
1834 RICHARD DEANE
SALTERS, ST. GEORGE
1676 b.b. Col. Christopher Lane, Dr. Neale, Mr. Holloway, John Strode Capt. Smith and Hon. John Willoughby
1674 WILLIAM WRIGHT & RICHARD SALTER
1676 MARGARET & ELIZABETH WRIGHT
1680 RICHARD SALTER &ndash 217 acres
1791 PHILIPPA ELLIOTT HOOPER

SALTRAM, ST. GEORGE
1817 HENRY THORPE
1820 BENJAMIN HINDS &ndash 84 acres
SEDGWICK, ST. GEORGE
1829 WILLIAM YARD PILE
STEPNEY, ST. GEORGE
1658 THOMAS BATTEN
1799 ANN JORDAN BATTEN & SUSANNA JORDAN COBHAM
1817 RICHARD COBHAM
1826 RICHARD SKINNER
VALLEY aka MAPPS, ST. GEORGE
1680 CHRISTOPHER LYNE &ndash 272 acres
1715 EDWIN CARTER &ndash 101 acres
1757 HENRY PETER KING TO
MARY KING MAPP
1794 SUSANNAH GOSLING
1804 HENRY TROTMAN
1817 GEORGE CARRINGTON
1825 JAMES MAPP ALLEYNE
1872 HENRY ALLEN ET AL
1908 THOMAS F. CLARKE &ndash 250 acres
WALKERS aka WILLOUGHBYS, ST. GEORGE
1679 ANN WILLOUGHBY &ndash 317 acres
1683 ANN WILLOUGHBY TO .THOMAS GUNNING
1704 THOMAS GUNNING TO ANN & DOROTHY GUNNING
1722 GEORGE WALKER &ndash 347 acres
1788 ANN WILLOUGHBY LUKE TO THOMAS APPLEWHAITE &ndash 262 acres
WINDSOR , ST. GEORGE
1660 MARTIN BENTLEY & ROBERT HOOPER
1738 FRANCES HOOPER
1797 THOMAS GRIFFITH
WOODLAND aka BATES, ST. GEORGE
1662 FRANCIS RAYNES TO BARBARA NEWTON
1680 SARAH NEWTON BATE - 134 acres
1723 GEORGE NEWPORT
1725 JOHN MILLER
1794 BENJAMIN COLLINS
1817 HUMPHREYJONES
WORKMANS aka BRACES, ST. GEORGE
1720 WILLIAM BRACE
1766 THOMAS PAYNE
1784 THOMAS WORKMAN

ST. JAMES
APES HILL, ST. JAMES
1679 RICHARD WALTER
1697 JOHN WALTER
1726 ALEXANDER WALTER &ndash 536 acres
1817 JONATHAN WILLIAM. PERCH
APPLEBY, ST. JAMES
1853 ROBERT JOHN FITT
ARTHUR SEAT, ST. JAMES
1775 JOHN ARTHUR
1829 SAMUEL TAYLOR
BAKERS aka COOPER&rsquoS HILL, ST. JAMES
1675 JOHN & HENRY BAKER- 40 acres
1722 WILLIAM GIBBONS - 111 acres
1816 THOMAS WENT
1817 MATTHEW COULTHURST
BLACK JACKS aka SION HILL, ST. JAMES & ST. PETER
1659 b.b. East Capt. William Porter, .West John Lee, North of gully and the sea South Edmond Lane
1699 b.b. Malatiah Holder, James Odiarne, James Harrison, Thomas Kidd & Francis Gamble
1659 JOHN READE TO EDWARD HARRISON & ANTHONY WOODWARD
1679 EDWARD HARRISON & ANTHONY WOODWARD
1699 WILLIAM & ROSAMOND HARRISON BOOTH
1713 ABEL ALLEYNE
1814 WILLIAM HINDS PRESCOD.
1847 WILLIAM HINDS PRESCOD
1866 JOHN CUTTING PACKER
CARLTON, ST. JAMES
1785 BENJAMIN BOSTOCK
1814 WILLIAM HINDS PRESCOD
1847 WILLIAM HINDS PRESCOD
HOLETOWN aka WALWYNS, ST. JAMES
1735 EDMUND SUTTON
1754 HENRY LASCELLES
1815 WILLIAM HINDS PRESCOD
HUSBANDS aka JORDANS , ST. JAMES
1671 JOHN REID
1698 BARTHOLOMEW REESE
1728 EDWARD JORDAN
1729 JOSEPH & ANN JORDAN DOTTIN
1736 SAMUEL HUSBANDS & SUSANNA DOTTIN
1817 THOMAS OSTREHAN
1817 THOMAS OSTREHAN
1834 HENRY SEALY
LANCASTER, ST. JAMES AND ST. THOMAS
1766 WILLIAM FORD - 431 acres
1817 JONATHAN A. BECKLES
LASCELLES, ST JAMES
1738 HENRY LASCELLES
1806 THOMAS WHITTAKER DRAKE
1943 BARBADIAN PROGRESSIVE SOCIETY OF PANAMA
MOLYNEUX/ MULLINEUX. ST. JAMES
1791 ANN JORDAN
1825 ROBERT JAMES HAYNES
1847 JOHN DRAYTON &ndash 180 acres
1860 ROBERT DRAYTON
1870 WILLIAM MAXWELL BEST

MOUNT ALLEYNE,- ST. JAMES
1680 THOMAS HELMES - 134 acres
1721 REYNOLD ALLEYNE
MOUNT STANDFAST, ST. JAMES
1658 GEORGE STANDFAST
1721 BENJAMIN ALLEYNE
1744 ABEL ALLEYNE
1771 HENRY EVANS
1784 IN CHANCERY
1856 CHARLES THOMAS ALLEYNE
OXNARDS aka KINGS, ST. JAMES AND ST. MICHAEL
1721 THOMAS KING
1743 AGNES OXNARD
PORTERS, ST. JAMES
1674 WILLIAM PORTER
1680 EDWARD WILLEY
1823 JOHN FORSTER ALLEYNE
1856 CHARLES THOMAS ALLEYNE
PROSPECT, ST. JAMES
1823 JOHN GAY GODING
REID&rsquoS BAY, ST. JAMES
1680 JAMES ELDING - 176 acres
1765 ISAAC LEVINE
1781 JOHN BISHOP
1791 CHARLES KYD BISHOP
1832 JOHN MILLARD ET AL TO JOHN CHASE EVERSLEY
ROCKDUNDO , ST. JAMES
1739 SAMUEL RICHARDS
1814 WILLIAM HINDS PRESCOD
1847 WILLIAM HINDS PRESCOD
ROCKLESS, ST. JAMES
1817 BENJAMIN B. HINDS
SANDY LANE, ST. JAMES
1721 ROBERT YEAMANS ET AL
1735 BOWDEN FERCHARSON
1764 THOMAS NEBLETT &ndash 328 acres
1764 JOHN WICKHAM
1847 JOHN T. ELLIS &ndash 397 acres
SEDGE POND
1817 WILLIAM BRYANT WORRELL
SMALL HOPE, ST. JAMES
1754 WILLIAM GIBBS
1780 THOMAS & MARY ALLEYNE
1814 WILLIAM HINDS PRESCOD
1847 WILLIAM HINDS PRESCOD
SPRING, ST. JAMES & ST. ANDREW
1673 WILLIAM PORTER TO JOHN HOLDER &ndash 206 acres
1700 JOHN HOLDER TO NATHANIEL & ELISHA HOLDER
1722 TIMOTHY & MADAM ELIZABETH HOLDER ALLEYNE
TO REYNOLD ALLEYNE &ndash 182 acres
1754 WILLIAM GIBBES TO WILLIAM GIBBES ALLEYNE
1817 ELIZABETH WALCOTT ET AL
TAITTS, ST. JAMES
1736 SAMUEL OSBORNE
1778 PHILIP GIBBES
THORPES, ST. JAMES
b.b. Oxnards Plantation
1680 JAMES THORPE - 96 acres
1722 WILLIAM THORPE.
1742 JAMES HACKETT
1791 THOMAS HURDLE
1960 BARBADOS COOPERATIVE BANK LTD.- 684,291 sq feet
TRENTS, aka CHARLES FORT aka OVENS MOUTH, ST. JAMES
1942 Butting and bounding on lands of Porters, Mount Standfast, Greenwich, Lancaster, Blowers and Lascelles Plantations and part on the sea
1724 LAWRENCE TRENT
1817 JOHN TRENT
1847 RICHARD INNISS &ndash 340 acres
1942 BARBADIAN PROGRESSIVE SOCIETY OF PANAMA
1971 TRENTS LIMITED
WALWYNS aka HOLETOWN, ST. JAMES
1735 EDMUND SUTTON
1754 HENRY LASCELLES
1815 WILLIAM HINDS PRESCOD
WATERHALL, ST. JAMES
1817 JONATHAN B. WILLIAMS
WESTMORELAND, ST. JAMES
1680 PHILIP GIBBES - 174 acres
1743 ROWLAND GIBSON - 210 acres
1811 WILLIAM PRESCOD
1817 JONATHAN B. WILLIAMS
1824 JOHN PRESCOD WILLIAMS
1847 EDWARD L. HINDS &ndash 346 acres

ST. JOHN
ASHFORD aka CLARKE HALL, ST. JOHN
1680 THOMAS FORSTER - 133½ acres
1713 RICHARD AND MERCY FORSTER CLARKE
1806 WILLIAM PINDER
1817 JOHN HOTHERSAL PINDER TO WILLIAM MATSON BARROW
1837 HENRY HARTE
BATH, ST. JOHN
1689 RICHARD ESTWICKE &ndash 330 acres
1722 RICHARD ESTWICKE
1791 EDWARD DAY
1812 ROBERT HAYNES.
1847 HENRY HUSBANDS HAYNES &ndash 426 acres
BOWMANSTON, ST. JOHN
1721 THOMAS DOWNES &ndash 176 acres
1777 JOSEPH MILLER
1817 GEORGE BARCLAY
1822 SAMUEL HALL LORD. &ndash 214 acres
BYDE MILL, ST. JOHN
1817 STEPHEN WALCOTT
CLAYBURY, ST. JOHN
1817 MOE CHEESEMAN
CLIFDEN, ST. JOHN
1817 WILLIAM YARD PILE
CLIFTON HALL, ST. JOHN
1817 ROBERT HAYNES
1847 ROBERT HAYNES &ndash 414 acres
CLIFF, ST. JOHN
1687 GEORGE FORSTER
1714 JOHN GIBBS.
1715 ROBERT BISHOP
1815 THOMAS SEALY
COLLETON, ST. JOHN
1680 PETER COLLETON &ndash 425 acres
1817 CHARLES G. COLLETON
COTTAGE, ST. JOHN
1710 CHRISTOPHER CODRINGTON
1817 Society for the Propagation of the Gospel
EASTMONDS, ST. JOHN
1764 PHILIP RUDDER &ndash 30 acres
EDGE CLIFT, ST. JOHN
1817 JAMES CHEESEMAN
FORSTER HALL, ST. JOHN AND ST. JOSEPH
1771 HENRY EVANS HOLDER
1792 BENJAMIN ALLEYNE COX
1792 THOMAS & EDWARD JAMES YARD
1817 THOMAS YARD
FRIENDSHIP, ST. JOHN
1660 Butting and bounding Guinea Plantation appertaining to Col. Thomas Moddiford
1660. HUMPHREY WALROND
TO HENRY WALROND &ndash 150 acres
GUINEA, ST. JOHN
1660 THOMAS MODYFORD
1705 GUY BALL
1817 JOHN CROWE
HALLETTS, ST. JOHN
1680 JOHN HALLETT 163 acres
1817 WILLIAM HINDS PRESCOD
HENLEY, ST. JOHN
1695 Bounding James Kendall., Benjamin Skutt Col. John Hallett, lands of Henry Drax., Major Richard Downes lately Capt. Robert Benson
1648 WILLIAM HILLIARD, THOMAS MODIFORD & THOMAS KENDALL
1656 WILLIAM HILLIARD TO FERDINAND GEORGES
1680 HENRY GEORGE &ndash 381 acres
1695 FERDINANDO GEORGES TO JOHN BROMLEY &ndash 331 acres
1826 HENRY POYER
1847 JOHN POYER &ndash 338 acres
HOTHERSAL, ST. JOHN
1649 THOMAS KENDALL
1680 JOHN HOTHERSALL &ndash 528 acres
1796 WILLIAM PINDER
1843 FRANCIS FORD PINDER TO WILLIAM MAYNARD PINDER
KENDAL aka BUCKLANDS, ST. JOHN & ST. PHILIP
1648 THOMAS MODIFORD, WILLIAM HILLIARD AND THOMAS KENDALL
1680 JOHN KENDALL &ndash 470 acres
1796 JOSHUA STEELE
1814 WILLIAM HINDS PRESCOD, Esq.
1847 WILLIAM HINDS PRESCOD &ndash 727 acres
LEMON ARBOUR, ST. JOHN & ST. GEORGE
1773 FRANCIS BELL
MALVERN aka ROWLEYS, ST. JOHN & ST. JOSEPH
1652 RICHARD ELLIS TO SETH ROWLEY
1826 WILLIAM HENRY RICKETTS BAYLEY TO
JOHN LYALL AND JOSEPH LONGMORE
MONCRIEFFE aka LIGHTFOOT, ST. JOHN
1680 HENRY WALROND, Jr. &ndash 137 acres
1720 RICHARD LIGHTFOOT
1817 HENRY TUDOR &ndash 98 acres
NEWCASTLE, ST. JOHN
1680 EDMOND & ROBERT HAYNES &ndash 77 acres
1794 ROBERT HAYNES
1847 RICHARD HAYNES &ndash 454 acres
1887 JOSEPH A. HAYNES
PALMERS, ST. JOHN
1680 THOMAS BALDWIN - 255 acres
1711 SAMUEL PALMER.
1747 EYARE WALCOTT
POOL, ST. JOHN
1640 THOMAS HOTHERSALL
1721 GEORGE & ELIZABETH HOTHERSALL NICHOLAS
1729 THOMAS MAYCOCK
1738 WILLIAM GULSTONE
1756 THOMAS STEVENSON
1765 ALEXANDER STEVENSON
1813 THOMAS GRAHAM
1817 JAMES LORD & SAMUEL HALL LORD
1847 SAMUEL HALL. LORD &ndash 365 acres
QUINTYNES, ST. JOHN
1680 HENRY QUINTYNE - 126 acres
1817 WILLIAM COPPIN
1826 ISAAC LEVI
ROSE GATE, ST. JOHN
1847 JOHN MASSIAH
ROUS, ST. JOHN
1720 b.b. Captain John Todd, Richard Vaughan, John Payn, Hon. Guy Ball, Lightfoot formerly belonging to John Kirton
1720 JOHN ROUS TO THOMAS ROUS &ndash 120 acres
SEALY HALL, ST. JOHN
1735 WILLIAM SEALY
1826 THOMAS SEALY
SOCIETY, ST. JOHN
1680 CHRISTOPHER CODRINGTON &ndash 618 acres
1710 CHRISTOPHER CODRINGTON, Jr.
1817 Society for the Propagation of the Gospel
TODDS, ST. JOHN
1680 JOHN TODD - 103 acres
1732 HENRY JONES
1817 JONATHAN NURSE
UPHILL, ST. JOHN
1710 CHRISTOPHER CODRINGTON
1817 Society for the Propagation of the Gospel
WAKEFIELD aka BALDRICK&rsquoS aka HAYNES FIELD, ST. JOHN
1680 THOMAS BALDRICKE &ndash 100 acres
1786 THOMAS AND FRANCES SENIOR
1791 ROBERT TROTMAN
1826 ROBERT JAMES HAYNES

ST. JOSEPH
ANDREWS & RUSSIA, ST. JOSEPH
1673 JOHNATHAN ANDREWS & THOMAS WARDALL
1761 EDWARD PARRIS &ndash 170 acres
1780 ANTHONY BARKER
1825 THOMAS DRAKE BARKER
BELLE PLAINE, ST. JOSEPH
1817 WILLIAM MARSHALL MORRIS
BISSEX HILL, ST. JOSEPH
1822 JOSEPH ALLEYNE. PAYNE TO
JANE ALLEYNE PAYNE & SARAH ANN HAYNES
1847 RICHARD HAYNES
BLACKMANS aka APTERS FARM aka MOUNT LUCIE, ST. JOSEPH
1664 RICHARD HOLDIPP TO AVERINA HOLDIP
1668 JOHN & ELIZABETH BENTHAM TO THOMAS APPLEWHAITE
1680 JACOB LUCIE
1688 JOHN LUCIE BLACKMAN
1790 FRANCIS GRANT
1817 CHARLES CADOGAN
1847 JOHN RYCROFT BEST
BOSCOBELLE aka JEEVES, ST. JOSEPH & ST. ANDREW
1820 JAMES THOMAS ROGERS AND WILLIAM MARSHALL MORRIS &ndash 250 acres
BOWMANSTON, ST. JOSEPH
1817 GEORGE BARCLAY
CARMICHAELS, ST. JOSEPH
1826 THOMAS TROTMAN
1856 CHARLES THOMAS ALLEYNE
CASTLE GRANT, ST. JOSEPH
1686 WILLIAM GRANT
1817 JONATHAN B. LAYNE
1832 CHARLES BRANDFORD
EASY HALL, ST. JOSEPH
1818 butting and bounding Henry Sealy, Esq., William Adamson, Esq. John Grant Straghan, Esq.
1680 DOROTHY WHITE
1817 WILLIAM ALLEYNE CULPEPPER & MARTHA CARTANETTA
1818 JOHN STRAKER AND JOHN HIGGINSON
1847 RICHARD A. CULPEPPER &ndash 131 acres
FOSTER HALL, ST. JOSEPH
1680 THOMAS FOSTER &ndash 188 acres
1771 HENRY EVANS HOLDER
1792 BENJAMIN ALLEYNE COX
1817 THOMAS YARD
FRIZERS, ST. JOSEPH
1680 JOHN DAVIS &ndash 340 acres
1680 HENRY GALLOP &ndash 138 acres
1817 ROBERT JAMES HAYNES
1960 JOES RIVER SUGAR ESTATES LIMITED
per F.D. MCDONALD SYMMONDS, Managing Director to sundry purchasers
HORSE HILL, ST. JOSEPH
1943 MABEL WILLIAMS ET AL TO JOES RIVER LIMITED &ndash 65 acres
1960 JOES RIVER SUGAR ESTATES LIMITED, per Managing Director F.D. Mcdonald Symmonds to sundry purchasers
JOES RIVER, ST. JOSEPH
1810 HENRY SEALY
1826 THOMAS OSTREHAN
1847 JOHN HIGGINSON &ndash 554 acres
1913 WILLIAMS ET AL
1943 MABEL WILLIAMS ET AL TO JOES RIVER LTD &ndash
1957 JOES RIVER SUGAR ESTATES LTD.
per F.D. Mcdonald Symmonds, Managing Director TO WEEKES ET AL &ndash 242 acres
1968 BANK TRUST FOR JOES RIVER SUGAR ESTATES LTD. development of 140 acres seaside land
LAMMINGS, ST. JOSEPH
1847 JAMES T. ROGERS &ndash 111 acres
LANCASTER, ST. JOSEPH
1817 JONATHAN A. BECKLES
MELLOWES, aka FORBES, BISHOPS, ST. JOSEPH
1743 JASPER MORRIS &ndash 213 acres
1817 JOSEPH LOWE
1962 JOES RIVER SUGAR ESTATES LIMITED,
per F.D. Mcdonald Symmonds, Managing Director to sundry purchasers -
MORGAN LEWIS, ST. JOSEPH
1721 JOHN HANNIS
MOUNT ALL, ST. JOSEPH
1817 SARAH H. STRAUGHAN
MOUNT DACRES, ST. JOSEPH
1680 JOHN LEWIS &ndash 152 acres
1743 JOHN BEST TO WILLIAM HENERY
1943 MABEL WILLIAMS ET AL TO JOES RIVER LIMITED &ndash 84 Acres
1960s JOES RIVER SUGAR ESTATES LTD
per F.D. Mcdonald Symmonds, Managing Director, to sundry purchasers.
PARKES, ST. JOSEPH
1680 JOHN PARKES - 60 acres
1722 PETER PARKES
1775 GEORGE PARKES
1817 JAMES THOMAS ROGERS

RETREAT, ST. JOSEPH
1818 butting and bounding Robert Ayshford Yearwood, John McCartey, William Adamson, Thomas Drake Barker and Richard Richards
1818 JOSEPH THORNE
TO RICHARD BENJAMIN RICHARDS
SENIORS, ST. JOSEPH & ST. ANDREW
1770 THOMAS NASSAU SENIOR
SPRING , ST. JOSEPH
b.b. Capt. Lake and Capt. Bell
1659 DANYELL SEARLE- 166 acres
1749 THOMAS APPLEWHAITE
SPRINGFIELD aka PERRYS, ST. JOSEPH
1680 JOHN WATERMAN &ndash 447 acres
1736 JOHN MAYCOCK
1748 WILLIAM PERRY
1751 ALEXANDER HALL
1803 JOHN HUMPLEBY &ndash 477 acres
1804 DAVID & GEORGE HALL
1820 RICHARD PARRIS PILE
1943 MABEL WILLIAMS ET AL TO JOES RIVER LIMITED &ndash 393 Acres
1962 JOES RIVER SUGAR ESTATES LIMITED, per Managing Director F.D. Mcdonald Symmonds
THE SPA, ST. JOSEPH
1680 BENONY WATERMAN - 100
1791 LAURENTZ & ACOURT WATERMAN GREENHOLME
1844 JAMES HOLDER ALLEYNE
VAUGHANS PLANTATION, ST. JOSEPH
1856 WILTSHIRE STANTON AUSTIN
in chancery
1943 MABEL WILLIAMS ET AL TO JOES RIVER LIMITED &ndash 91 acres
1965 JOES RIVER SUGAR ESTATES LIMITED,
per Managing Director F.D. Mcdonald Symmonds to sundry purchasers

WALCOTTS, ST. JOSEPH
1741 JOHN WALCOTT - 100 acres

ST. LUCY
ARMSTRONGS, ST. LUCY
1817 WILLIAM & HOWARD GRIFFITH
BABBS, ST. LUCY
1817 SAMUEL LEACOCK
BARROWS, ST. LUCY
1721 JAMES MAYCOCK
1777 THOMAS PAYNE
1820 THOMAS GRIFFITH
BOURBON, ST. LUCY
1735 b.b. John Terrill, Hon. John Colleton, Elizabeth Kellman, James Farley, Thomas Somers, William Forster, William Cobham, Sarah Hide, John Maycock, Andrew Follin, Anne Salter
1721 THOMAS WRIGHT
1735 THOMAS GENT &ndash 129 acres
1817 WILLIAM GRAHAM
1844 WILLIAM HINDS TO WILLIAM PRESCOD HINDS
BROMEFIELD, ST. LUCY
1817 JOHN BROME
CHANCE HALL, ST. LUCY
1826 ARTHUR ROLLOCK
CHECKER HALL, ST. LUCY
1826 THOMAS ROWE
COLLYNS, ST. LUCY
1817 WILLIAM HINDS
COTTAGE, ST.LUCY
1817 SAMUEL LEWIS
DURHAM, ST. LUCY
1817 JOHN GILL
FAIRFIELD - ST. LUCY
1672 b.b. Oxford Plantation, John Jemmott, Nicolas Compton, Sir Peter Colleton, Thomas Williams, Sarah Browne, Matthew Gray.
1745 b.b. Michael Terrill at Alleynedale, Henry Farley, Rev. Griffith Hughes, John Hussey, Joseph Gibbes
1655 WILLIAM GAY TO ROGER JONES.
1672 MICHAEL, WILLIAM & ANN TERRILL &ndash 184 acres
1745 JOSEPH TERRILL
HANNAYS, ST. LUCY
1817 JOHN BROME
1856 CHARLES THOMAS ALLEYNE -
HARRISONS, ST. LUCY
1767 HENRY THORNHILL
1811 DAVID PARRIS
1817 BENJAMIN IFILL
HOPE, ST. LUCY
1817 CHARLES WHITFOOT GREAVES
HUSBANDS, ST. LUCY
1668 THOMAS MAYCOCK
1817 JOHN POYER GRIFFITH
LAMBERTS , ST. LUCY
1680 SIMON LAMBARTE &ndash 300 acres
1722 OTHNEIL AND SUSANNAH LAMBERT HAGGATT
1773 WILLIAM HAGGATT TO JAMES MARSHALL
MOUNT GAY aka MOUNT GILBOA, ST. LUCY
1826 CUMBERBATCH SOBER
MOUNT POYER, ST. LUCY
1680 ABEL POYER - 63 acres
1792 THOMAS PAYNE
1817 THOMAS WHITFOOT GREAVES
1826 WILLIAM HINDS
1844 PHILIP LYTCOTT HINDS
PICKERING, ST. LUCY
1680 ELIZABETH PICKERIN &ndash 220 acres
1817 WARD CADOGAN
SEA PARK, ST. LUCY
1817 WILLIAM GRIFFITH
SPRING GARDEN, ST. LUCY
1817 WILLIAM HINDS
1826 WILLIAM H. ROLLOCK
1844 PHILIP LYTCOTT HINDS
SPRING HALL, ST. LUCY
1680 THOMAS DOWDEN - 233 acres.
1721 DOWDEN THORNHILL
1781 HENRY BISHOP
1817 WILLIAM HINDS
1844 PHILIP LYTCOTT HINDS
TRENTS, ST. LUCY
b.b. Bourbon Plantation
1721 THOMAS SOMERS,
1737 LAWRENCE & JANE SOMERS TRENT
1947 ARTHUR .F. WARD

ST. MICHAEL
BANK HALL, ST. MICHAEL
1803 JAMES HOLLIGAN
TO THOMAS SHEPHERD
BAY, ST. MICHAEL
1656 ABRAHAM NEEDHAM
1674 HENRY HAWLEY
1722 WILLIAM GRIFFITH
1740 WILLIAM & LORETTA HARRINGTON WHITAKER
1750 WILLIAM SALMON &ndash 106 acres
1772 FRANCIS FORD
1823 JOHN ALLEYNE BECKLES
BELLE, ST. MICHAEL
1641 PHILIP BELL
1714 SAMUEL BARWICKE
1743 GEDNEY CLARKE
1743 EDWIN LASCELLES
BLACK ROCK, ST. MICHAEL AND ST. JAMES
1660 JOHN STANDFAST TO JOHN BATT &ndash 146 acres
1697 STEPHEN GIBBS
1754 WILLIAM GIBBS
1761 WILLIAM GIBBES ALLEYNE
1783 ELIZABETH LANE ALLEYNE
1801 JOHN LANE TO MARY LANE
CANEWOOD, ST. MICHAEL
1746 GEORGE BALL
1817 WILLIAM MOORE

CLERMONT, ST. MICHAEL
1819 ELIZABETH LANE ALLEYNE
TO JOHN & AGNES LANE BEAUFOY ET AL
1832 CHARLES BRANFORD LANE
DAYRELLS aka BELLE VUE, ST. MICHAEL & ST. GEORGE
1775 EDMUND DAYRELL
1821 REYNOLD ALLEYNE ELLCOCK
1838 JOHN LEWIS
1854 WILTSHIRE STANTON AUSTIN
FARM,- ST. MICHAEL
b.b. Clermont Plantation, Warrens and Friendship
1721 HARPER
1738 BENJAMIN HAWKINS
1796 OLTON, GERA.
FAIRFIELD, ST. MICHAEL
1817 MATTHEW COULTHURST
FRIENDSHIP, ST. MICHAEL
1652 THOMAS BELL.
1680 NICHOLAS PRIDEAUX - 230 acres
1721 JOHN HOTHERSALL
1785 FRANCIS FORD - 360 acres
1831 JACOB HINDS
1846 JOHN HENRY ROGERS
1869 LONDON BOURNE
GRAZETTES, ST. MICHAEL
1840 LONDON BOURNE & SIMON WILKEY. - 169 acres
1940s BARBADOS COOPERATIVE BANK TO SUNDRY PURCHASERS
HAGGATT HALL, ST. MICHAEL & ST. GEORGE
1680 WILLIAM ROBINSON - 186 acres
1773 WILLIAM HAGGATT TO JAMES MARSHALL
1817 ROBERT COLLYMORE
HAMSTEAD, ST. MICHAEL
1817 JONATHAN R. PHILLIPS
JACKMANS, ST. MICHAEL
1817 GRANT ELCOCK
1870 JAMES BROWNE MAPP- 130 acres
JACKSON aka ALLEYNES ,ST. MICHAEL AND ST. THOMAS
1810 SUSANNA CHRISTIAN ALLEYNE MOIETY TO
CHRISTIAN GIBBS ELCOCK
1817 GRANT ELCOCK
1855 THOMAS BEARD
TO HENRY THOMAS BIRMINGHAM BEARD
LEARS, ST. MICHAEL AND ST. THOMAS
1674 THOMAS LEARE
1772 FRANCIS FORD
THE LODGE, ST. MICHAEL
1680 JOHN GREGORY - 204 ACRES.
1831 JACOB HINDS
LOWER BIRNEYS, ST. MICHAEL AND ST. GEORGE
1680 THOMAS JELLEY- 200 acres
1721 MARY JELLEY LANE
LOWER ESTATE aka PAYNTERS & DAVERS, ST. MICHAEL
1672 PAUL PAYNTER TO ROBERT DAVERS - 450 acres
1766 RICHARD CALLENDER
1847 JOHN FRERE &ndash 178 acres
MOUNT CLAPHAM, ST. MICHAEL AND CHRIST CHURCH
1641 LANCELOT PACE - 346 acres.
1654 THOMAS NOELL
1659 DANIEL SEARLE &ndash 510 acres
1666 DANIEL SEARLE TO THOMAS SEARLE&ndash 160 acres
.1765 NATHAN LUCAS
LOWLANDS, ST. MICHAEL
1834 JOHN CLAIRMONTE. ABRAMS &ndash 34 acres
NEELS, ST. MICHAEL
1661 EDWARD CROFTS &ndash 128 acres
1740 JOHN NEEL.
1817 WILLIAM BRYANT WORRELL
1847 JOHN MONTEFIORE - 149 acres
1870 JAMES BROWNE MAPP
PICKERINGS, ST. MICHAEL
1680 WILLIAM MARSHALL - 180 acres
1716 JOHN PICKERING
1772 FRANCIS FORD
1795 FRANCIS FORD TO GEORGE WILSON
THE PINE , ST. MICHAEL
1674 RICHARD HOWELL & RICHARD GUY
1701 WILLIAM WHEELER, WILLIAM
1763 JAMES SHEPHERD
1826 BEZSIN KING REECE
.ROCK DUNDO, ST. MICHAEL
1739 SAMUEL RICHARDS
1814 WILLIAM HINDS PRESCOD, Esq.
1847 WILLIAM HINDS PRESCOD
STROUDS, ST. MICHAEL
1755 b.b. Neils plantation
1755 JOHN HARRISON TO
THOMAS HARPER HARRISON

UPTON PLANTATION aka BARROWS, ST. MICHAEL & CHRIST CHURCH
1764 bounding Dr. Samuel Hinds
1680 THOMAS BONNETT &ndash 138 acres
1721 STEDE BONNETT
1764 DOWDING THORNHILL
1806 JOHN BARROW
1819 GEORGE UPTON TO SAMUEL TAYLOR
WARRENS, ST. MICHAEL AND ST. THOMAS
1680 JOHN SUTTON &ndash 129 acres
1728 EDMUND SUTTON
1762 ROWLAND & PRISCILLA WARREN BLACKMAN
TO THOMAS BREWSTER
1790 JOHN BREWSTER TO
JAMES MARSHALL.
1824 SAMUEL HINDS
WATERFORD aka TUNCKES, ST. MICHAEL
1680 RICHARD FORSTAL &ndash 294 acres
1741 KATHERINE FORSTALL TUNCKES - 308 acres.
1808 SAMUEL BOXILL.
1820 JAMES DOTTIN MAYCOCK
WEYMOUTH, ST. MICHAEL
1868 RICHARD THOMAS HEALIS
1888 THOMAS WILLIAM CLARKE
WHITEHALL, ST. MICHAEL
1817 WILLIAM HINDS PRESCOD
1825 THOMAS HOWELL
1838 JOHN CUTTING PACKER TO
EDMUND KNIGHT

WILDEY, ST. MICHAEL
1730 DANIEL WILDEY
1777 HENRY CRICHLOW
1825 JOHN BRIGGS
1846 JOHN CUTTING PACKER


Contents

Twelve Barbados men made up the Second Barbados Contingent of Volunteers for the Armed Forces. They were recruited for the Royal Air Force. They left Barbados for England in November 1940 to fight against Germany. One pilot was Errol Walton Barrow who became an officer in the Royal Air Force. On 30 November 1966 he became the first Prime Minister of Barbados. Ώ] By 1945 Barrow had risen to the rank of Flying Officer and was appointed as personal navigator to the Commander in Chief of the British Zone of occupied Germany. In September 1942 during World War II, a German U-Boat was patrolling the waters of Barbados where it torpedoed SS Cornwallis off the coastline of the capital city. The ship was brought ashore in Barbados before it was released and was torpedoed a second time and sank. The shipwreck was later turned into a reef and Marine park. ΐ] The prize winning Barbadian novelist Austin Clarke writes in detail surrounding this attack in his novels "Pig Tails'n Breadfruit: A Culinary Memoir" and Giller Prize-winning The Polished Hoe. The books talk about the economic hardship felt in Barbados after it was cut off from global trade by Germany. Α]


The Warren Family

James Petri, the last owner within the Cave Family, sold the property to its current owners, renowned Barbadian architect Larry Warren and his wife, Anna, in 2006. The Warrens purchased the property in order to preserve it as a part of the island&rsquos rich heritage.

Larry, Anna and their sons, Simon and Shae, have overseen a meticulous restoration of the property as an operating sugar plantation.

It is the family's mission to develop St. Nicholas Abbey as a self-sustaining heritage attraction, cultural centre and self-supporting plantation as a legacy for Barbados.

The Warren Family has its own ancestral ties to St. Nicholas Abbey. Larry&rsquos great-grandfather, William Richards, owned a jewelry store in Bridgetown called William D. Richards and Son the son being Larry&rsquos grandfather, Ernest. Renowned throughout the Caribbean for their expertise as both jewelers and watchmakers, William and Ernest were contracted to maintain many of the clocks on the island, including the Parliament Clock and the clock at Harrison College, one of the island's premier learning institutions. William and Ernest were also commissioned to maintain many of the plantations' clocks, and likely visited St. Nicholas Abbey to maintain the grandfather clock located on the landing. Upon purchasing the plantation, Larry discovered a clock made by William D. Richards and Son tucked away in one of the upstairs closets of the great house, which is now a family treasure.

Anna&rsquos grandfather, Dr. Archibald Herbert, was a prominent doctor in Barbados his advice was often sought in settling both family and neighbourly disputes any time of the day or night. Perhaps his voice of reason would have come in handy during the disputes between Berringer and Yeaman, although it may well have altered the fascinating history St. Nicholas Abbey calls its own.

On 13 April 2013, Simon Warren married Camilla Louise Whitehead at St James Church followed by a reception at St. Nicholas Abbey. The couple welcomed their twin sons, Arthur and Henry, in May 2014, establishing the next generation of St. Nicholas Abbey stewardship. On 11 October 2017 Camilla and Simon's third son George Larry Warren was born.

On June 25, 2016, Shae Warren married Charlotte Parris also at St. Nicholas Abbey. In August 2018 they welcomed a son, Quinn.


Watch the video: Geschichte der Nordsee Von König Artus, schaurigen Göttern und Wikingern. Ganze Folge Terra X


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