No. 691 Squadron (RAF): Second World War

No. 691 Squadron (RAF): Second World War

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No. 691 Squadron (RAF) during the Second World War

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No.691 Squadron was an anti-aircraft co-operation squadron that served in the south-west of England from its formation late in 1943 until it was disbanded in 1949.

The squadron was formed from No.1623 Flight at Roborough in December 1943, and inherited that flight's mix of Defiants, Hurricanes and Oxfords. The Oxfords remained until 1949, but the Defiants went in April 1945 and the Hurricanes in August 1945. In January 1944 the squadron gained some Barracudas, in April 1945 it was given some Vultee Vengeance dive bombers. In August 1945 the Martinet and Spitfire arrived and finally in November 1945 the Harvard was introduced. When the squadron disbanded in December 1949 it was using Oxfords, Martinets, Spitfires and Harvards.

December 1943-March 1944: Hawker Hurricane I
December 1943-April 1945: Boulton Paul Defiant I and III
December 1943-February 1949: Oxford I and II
January 1944-March 1945: Fairey Barracuda II
March 1944-August 1945: Hawker Hurricane IIC
April 1944-May 1947: Vultee Vengeance IV
August 1945-February 1949: Martinet I
August 1945-February 1949: Supermarine Spitfire XVI
November 1945-February 1949: Harvard IIB

December 1943-Febuary 1945: Roborough
February-August 1945: Harrowbeer
August 1945-January 1946: Exeter
January-October 1946: Fairwood Common
October 1946-February 1949: Chivenor

Squadron Codes: 5S

1943-1949: Anti-aircraft co-operation


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The squadron was formed on 1 December 1943 at RNAS Roborough from 1623 (anti-aircraft co-operation) Flight. [3] [6] [7] It was tasked with anti-aircraft co-operation duties in the Plymouth area operating a variety of aircraft in this role. Most of the work was to fly as training targets for Royal Navy ships. The squadron moved a number of times from the end of the war to RAF Exeter, RAF Weston Zoyland, RAF Fairwood Common, and finally to RAF Chivenor. Its existence ended there when it was renumbered to No. 17 Squadron RAF on 11 February 1949. [3] [8]

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