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After several archaeological investigations in Ceibal (Guatemala), led by archaeologists Takeshi Inomata and Daniela Triadan, from the University of Arizona (United States), it follows that the society of the ancient Maya had a great dependence on agriculture and that different groups could coexist and collaborate on different projects like the construction of places for the celebration of public ceremonies.
The results of this research will be published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, where it will be shown that nomadic and sedentary groups had separate communities and even that public buildings were built when society was well established in a certain place.
As stated by Inomata, an archaeologist and professor of Anthropology at the University of Arizona, as well as the lead author of the study, “Many people have come to think that nomadic and sedentary communities have been separate despite their close location, but we have found evidence that both groups joined together on more than one occasion, although in this case it was for the construction of a center ceremonial”.
A public square has been discovered that dates back to 950 BC.. and where there are also other ceremonial buildings dating back in this case to the year 800 BC What there are not, at least too many, are houses in the area or in nearby places, which shows that the hunter-gatherer lifestyle caused them to move from one place to another throughout the jungle, something that would last between five and six centuries more.
Inomata insisted that this square could not be built only by the few residents of the area since the construction of these places is very considerable, so a large number of people were necessary to carry out this project.
Currently there are several theories where it is believed that groups that had different degrees of mobility were brought together in order to build the buildings and also to participate in public ceremonies that would take place in the next hundred years, which served as a link.
Melisa Burham, co-author of the study and also a graduate student at the School of Anthropology at the University of Arizona, declared that this find is truly fascinating and to see peoples with different ways of life working side by side for the same purpose is almost see how a more uniform society is formed, being a true melting pot of cultures and ways of living life.
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