Kawasaki Ki-32

Kawasaki Ki-32


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The Kawasaki Kokuki Kogyo began producing the Kawasaki Ki-32 bomber for the Japanese Air Force in 1936. The aircraft had a maximum speed of 263 mph (423 km) and had a range of 1,218 miles (1,965 km). It was 38 ft 2 in (11.64 m) long with a wingspan of 49 ft 2 in (15 m). The aircraft was armed with 2 machine-guns and could carry 992 lb (450 kg) of bombs.

The Kawasaki Kokuki Kogyo took part in the early stages of the Second World War but was removed from front-line service in 1942.


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made in around 2 days


Kawasaki Ki-32 Type 98 “Mary”

The Kawasaki Ki-32 was a light bomber of the Imperial Japanese Army. It was designed in response to an Army requirement for a new light bomber to replace the ancient Ki-3, but originally it lost out in competitive trials to the Mitsubishi Ki-30. However the demand for aircraft to fight in China led the Army to order the Kawasaki design into production alongside the Ki-30. The Ki-30 was designated the Type 97 Light Bomber, whilst the Ki-32 was designated the Type 98 Light Bomber.

One of the major differences between the Ki-30 and the Ki-32 was the latter’s Kawasaki Ha-9 engine, which was a liquid-cooled V12 as opposed to the Type 97’s Nakajima Ha-5 air-cooled radial. It was problems caused by the poor cooling in the Ha-9 that caused the Ki-32 to initially lose the competition. Otherwise both aircraft were similar, featuring the same low-wing monoplane layout with fixed landing gear.

The Ki-32 saw extensive service during the ‘China Incident’ and fought alongside Ki-30s during the Battle of Khalkhin Gol. It was also used briefly during the initial stages of the Pacific War, most notably during the Japanese conquest of Hong Kong, but shortly afterwards it was withdrawn from combat. A few of the remaining examples were transferred to the Manchukuo Air Force to replace their even older types.


The aircraftofKawasaki

Developed from the KDA-6 private venture reconnaissance prototype, the Kawasaki Ki-3 was designed by German engineer Richard Vogt, who later .

Four Ki-10 single-seat fighter prototypes made their appear-ance in the spring of 1935, designed by Takeo Doi (who had succeeded .

The Ki-32 light bomber was an all-metal mid-wing monoplane powered by a single 708kW Ha-9-IIb liquid-cooled engine. Its wide-track fixed .

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The first prototype flew in October 1942. Did not entered production.

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The first prototype flew in December 1943. Did not entered production.

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The Kawasaki Ki-32 was a Japanese light bomber aircraft of World War II. It was a single-engine, two-seat, mid-wing, cantilever monoplane with a fixed tailwheel undercarriage. An internal bomb bay accommodated a 300 kg offensive load, supplemented by 150 kg of bombs on external racks.

Top speed: 263 mph
Range: 1,221 mi
Retired: 1942
First flight: March 1937
Aircraft Owner: Imperial Japanese Army

Also this isnt a REPLICA, it flies and looks the way it is because that is just how i like it sorry for the ones who like accurate flight model cus this isnt accurate


Contents

The Ki-32 was developed in response to a May 1936 Imperial Japanese Army specification to replace the Kawasaki Ki-3 light bomber with a completely indigenously designed and built aircraft. Mitsubishi and Kawasaki were requested to build two prototypes each by December 1936. The specification called for a top speed of 400 km/h (250 mph) at 3,000 m (9,800 ft) normal operating altitude from 2,000–4,000 m (6,600–13,100 ft), the ability to climb to 3,000 m (9,800 ft) within 8 minutes and an engine to be selected from the 825 hp (620 kW) Mitsubishi Ha-6 radial, 850 hp (630 kW) Nakajima Ha-5 radial, or 850 hp (630 kW) Kawasaki Ha-9-IIb liquid-cooled inline engines, a normal bomb load of 300 kg (661.4 lb) and a maximum of 450 kg (992.1 lb), one forward-firing machine gun and one flexible rearward-firing machine gun, the ability to perform 60-degree dives for dive bombing, and a loaded weight less than 3,300 kg (7,275.3 lb).

The first Kawasaki prototype flew in March 1937 Ώ] seven more prototypes were produced. ΐ] Being very similar in layout and performance, the main difference between the Kawasaki Ki-32 and its Mitsubishi Ki-30 rival was in the choice of an engine. The Mitsubishi design used the Nakajima Ha-5 14-cylinder air-cooled radial engine, whereas Kawasaki opted for their own Kawasaki Ha-9-II inline V12 engine.

Problems were encountered with the Kawasaki design, particularly with engine cooling, and the Mitsubishi Ki-30 received the production order. In spite of this, the pressing need for more aircraft in the Second Sino-Japanese War, which had started at full scale in July 1937, resulted in the Ki-32's entry into production as well, 12 months behind its rival. Ironically, the number of Ki-32s built was much higher than that of the successful Ki-30.

The Ki-32 entered production in 1938, designated as the Army Type 98 Single-engine Light Bomber. Kawasaki manufactured 854 Ki-32s before production ceased in May 1940. ΐ]


Kawasaki Ki-32 MARY

The Ki-32 light bomber was an all-metal mid-wing monoplane powered by a single 708kW Ha-9-IIb liquid-cooled engine. Its wide-track fixed cantilever undercarriage featured open-sided wheel fairings. Wing and tail surfaces were finely tapered. The two-man crew were accommodated beneath a long raised canopy. Armament comprised one fixed cowling 7.7mm Type 89 machine-gun and another of the same type on a flexible mounting operated by the observer. An internal bomb bay accommodated a 300kg offensive load, supplemented by 150kg of bombs on external racks.

Eight 1937 prototypes were followed by 846 series aircraft built up to May 1940 and designated Army Type 98 Light Bomber. They saw extensive war service in China, flying with seven Sentais during 1938-9 and participated in the fierce fighting over the Khalkin Gol and at Nomonhan against Soviet forces during 1939. Among the Type 98's final operational sorties were successful bombing raids on Hong Kong prior to its surrender in December 1941. The type was coded Mary by the Allies.

A Japanese counterpart to the British Fairey Battle and American Vultee V11. The two-seat light bomber category of aircraft was a WW-I concept that proved to be outmoded during WW-II.

Initial problems with engine overheating saw the competing Mitsubishi Ki-30 ordered into production, as by July 1937 Japan was in a full scale war in China. However, 12 months later with it's problems resolved the Ki-32 was ordered and in the end exceeded the production of it's competitor.


Kawasaki Ki-32 - History

Along with the Mitsubishi Ki-30, the Kawasaki Ki-32 Type 98 (allied code name "Mary") was developed for the Imperial Japanese Army to replace the Kawasaki Ki-3 light bomber. Like the Ki-30, the Ki-32 was a modern monoplane with stressed-skin construction with skirted, fixed landing gear and tailwheel. However, it had the added benefit of an internal bomb bay allowing for a slighty higher bombload compared to the Ki-30. In addition, it was one of the few Japanese aircraft to use a V-12 engine (Japanese designers at that time favored air-cooled radial engines). In this case, the engine was a licensed copy of the BMW VI V-12 and, in my opinion, made for an ugly looking plane. The Ki-32 was used mainly as a ground attack aircraft in northern and central China during the Second Sino-Japanese War. It also saw action in the undeclared 1939 border conflict between Japan and the Soviet Union known as the Battle of Bhalkhyn Gol or the Nomonhan Incident depending on the belligerent perspective. It was last used in combat during the Battle of Hong Kong in 1941. The Ki-32 had cooling problems with the V-12 engine and overall, the Ki-30 was a better performing aircraft. When Japan entered WW II, the Ki-32 was withdrawn from front-line service and used as a trainer aircraft. Kawasaki produced 854 Ki-32s. There are 90 seconds of archival footage of the Ki-32 that gives a sense of how the plane was used (no death, terror or destruction is shown): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CZ-WxRUJh98

KAWASAKI Ki-32 Type 98 "Mary"

Class: Light Bomber

Engine: Kawasaki Ha-9-IIb 12-cylinder, in-line (850 hp)

Max Speed: 263 mph at 12,900 ft

Climb Rate: 1,500 ft/min

Service Ceiling: 29,265 ft

Range: 1,220 miles

Armament: 1 x .303 inch machine gun (flexible mount rear-firing)
1 x .303 inch machine gun (port wing mount)
990 lb bombload


1990s: Gaining Momentum

After releasing the MULE 1000, Kawasaki quickly realized how much of a demand there was for this type of vehicle. As a result, they began developing and releasing even more models in response to workers’ needs. The vision they had for the MULE expanded as models became more capable and versatile.

󈨞: Kawasaki MULE 2010

Two years after the original, the Kawasaki MULE 2010 was born. It was similar to the 1000 in body style but came with selectable two- or four-wheel drive and a Hi/Lo transmission. The engine also got an upgrade, from 454cc to 535cc.

󈨟: Kawasaki MULE 2020, MULE 2030, and MULE 500

The next year brought three new MULE machines. The 2020, nicknamed the “Tenderfoot” MULE, was designed to be a turf-class vehicle. It had turf tires and easy-to-operate controls, making it more suitable for golf courses and landscaping. It left a smaller footprint than the MULEs that came before it.

The MULE 2030 was similar to the 2020 but had more of an industrial focus. Special fuel and electrical systems were put in place to meet industrial standards of the times. It also had a flat bed and hard-surface tires for driving on pavement. This made it popular in warehouses.

Also released in 1991 was the MULE 500. This compact, personal-sized utility vehicle was small enough to fit in the bed of a pickup truck.

The “Tenderfoot” MULE debuted in 1991 and was geared toward leaving the lightest footprint possible. The lightweight design and turf-type tires made it suitable for smaller job sites and golf courses.
Photo by Kawasaki

󈨡: Kawasaki MULE 2510 and MULE 2520

Never one to rest, Kawasaki was back at it again in 1993. This year the world was introduced to the MULE 2510. It had a larger and more powerful liquid-cooled 617cc V-Twin engine and four-wheel drive. A heavy-duty carrying capacity and tilting cargo bed meant it was quickly recognized as top of the line.

The second release of the year, the MULE 2520, featured a quiet-running, liquid-cooled engine in a sound-insulated box. That, coupled with turf tires, gave it a quieter and lighter footprint than most other utility vehicles.

Soon after, in 1995, Kawasaki released the MULE 2500. It had many of the same features as the 2510, aside from having two-wheel drive and being fully automatic.

󈨥: Kawasaki MULE 550

The compact MULE family grew in 1997 with the addition of the 550 model. This machine boasted a brand-new design, fan-cooled engine, and proven four-wheel suspension. A bench seat made it the very first two-person compact model.


Kawasaki Motorcycle History

The striking Kawasaki H1 (aka Mach III) a 500cc three-cylinder two-stroke is released. Although its handling leaves something to be desired, the motor is very powerful for the day. It’s one of the quickest production bikes in the quarter-mile. The Mach III establishes Kawasaki’s reputation in the U.S. (In particular, it establishes a reputation for powerful and somewhat antisocial motorcycles!) A wonderful H1R production racer is also released – a 500cc racing bike.

Over the next few years, larger and smaller versions of the H1, including the S1 (250cc) S2 (350cc) and H2 (750cc) will be released. They’re successful in the marketplace, and the H2R 750cc production racer is also successful on the race track, but Kawasaki knows that the days of the two-stroke streetbike are coming to an end.

The company plans to release a four-stroke, but is shocked by the arrival of the Honda 750-Four. Kawasaki goes back to the drawing board.

Kawasaki’s big-bore KZ1300 is released. Honda and Benelli have already released six-cylinder bikes by this time, but Kawasaki’s specification includes water cooling and shaft drive. To underline the efficiency of the cooling system, its launch is held in Death Valley. Despite its substantial weight, journalists are impressed.

Over the next few years, the KZ1300 will get digital fuel injection and a full-dress touring version will be sold as the ‘Voyager.’ This model is marketed as “a car without doors”!

Kawasaki releases the GPz550. It’s air-cooled and has only two valves per cylinder, but its performance threatens the 750cc machines of rival manufacturers. This is the bike that launches the 600 class.


Watch the video: 326BHP Kawasaki H2R spits flames on Dyno @ Motorbeurs Utrecht HD 1080


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